Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to a single number.
This score is compiled by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: mortgages, car/motorcycle loans, credit cards, and the like.
Each of the three credit reporting agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to determine a score:
- Your Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for just a short time?
- Late Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers these days have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a difference in your interest rate
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do to improve your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report; this is the only "quick fix" for credit troubles.
Getting your FICO score
To improve your score, you've got to have the reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you understand how to improve your credit score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your FICO score? Give us a call: 718-441-7000.